With the ousting of Somaliaâ€™s long-time dictator, Siad Barre, in 1991, few then could have predicted that for the next two decades the country would be in an almost permanent state of civil war. Born amongst this anarchy, al Shabab came into being after the defeat of Somaliaâ€™s Islamic Courts Union (ICU) by the countryâ€™s Transitional Federal Government and its Ethiopian backed forces. Representing the more radical arm of the ICU, al Shabab immediately set to work fighting off what it saw as the foreign invaders.
Allied to al Qaeda and branding its own form of radical Islam, al Shabab is notorious for imposing a particularly oppressive form of rule in the areas it controls. This not only includes the banning of many forms of entertainment, such as football, but also imposing harsh punishments to anyone who breaks its rules.
In 2007, with the Ethiopianâ€™s withdrawal from Mogadishu, Uganda under the African Union landed in Mogadishu to a find a city in chaos and began the slow job of slowly taking it back. Almost eight years later, the African Union Mission in Somalia â€“ now composed of more than six troop contributing countries â€“ has succeeded in not only kicking Al Shbab out of Mogadishu, but also out of most of the country.